In a small country – Nepal, nine national parks, three nature reserves and six protected areas have been created, which make up more than 19 percent of the total territory and are located in different geographic zones – from a narrow, low-lying strip called the terai in the south and the high mountain peaks of the Main Himalayan Range – in the north.
Nepal has a unique climate and therefore all year round the national parks of Nepal attract tourists from all over the world. No other country in the world has so many different climatic zones in such a small area – from subtropical and tropical to arctic. Conventionally, the country can be divided into five natural and climatic zones.
In autumn, when the rains end in the valleys, nature reserves are the most popular, which are located in the zone of tropical and subtropical climates. The most popular of these is Chitwan National Park and the largest is Bardia National Park.
Bardia National Park is located in the center of the Terai region to the north of the small Sivalik ridge (Shivalik is the foothills of the Himalayas or the lower step of the Himalayan mountain system). It was formed as the Royal National Park in 1988. Its area is 968 square meters.
Gavial lives in Bardia – a representative of rare species of crocodiles, which is listed in the Red Book. One of the names of the gavial is the Ganges crocodile. He disappeared from the waters of the sacred Indian river Ganges long ago. Although, the Hindu goddess Ganga herself is depicted sitting on a crocodile! It should be noted that quite recently this species was close to complete extinction.
For only a few weeks a year in December, local authorities allow local residents to be in the reserve.
They collect firewood and grass for their farms. Many tourists come here to watch this colorful action.